HUB: Crisis – Suicide

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MENTAL HEALTH CRISIS – SUICIDE

Every year, around 800 000 people die by suicide globally.

In the UK in 2018, there were 6,507 deaths by suicide (a rate of 11.2 deaths per 100,000 people).
Rates vary across the nations of Great Britain, with the highest rate in 2018 observed in Scotland (16.1 deaths per 100,000 people), followed by Wales (12.8 deaths per 100,000 people) and England (10.3 deaths per 100,000 people).

 

Overall, men accounted for three-quarters of UK deaths by suicide in 2018.

Suicide and suicide attempts can have lasting effects on individuals and their social networks and communities.

The causes of suicide are many, and it is important to understand the psychological processes that underlie suicidal thoughts, and the factors that can lead to feelings of hopelessness or despair.

In recognition of this, the 2019 theme for World Mental Health Day (as set by the World Federation for Mental Health) was “Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention”.


WARNING SIGNS OF SUICIDE

When someone is contemplating suicide, their words and actions can give you clues that they are at risk for hurting themselves.

“Suicidal feelings can mean having abstract thoughts about ending your life or feeling that people would be better off without you. Or it can mean thinking about methods of suicide or making clear plans to take your own life.

If you are feeling suicidal, you might be scared or confused by these feelings. You may find the feelings overwhelming.

But you are not alone. Many people think about suicide at some point in their lifetime.” (MIND)


WEB LINKS:

  • This NHS webpage provides a detailed description of both high-risk warning signs and other warning signs to watch for if you are worried about someone.
  • Mind’s website explains what suicidal feelings are, and what you can do if you feel suicidal. It also addresses causes, treatments and support options for suicidal feelings.
  • This NHS website page provides support links and resources for those who need help with suicidal thoughts – including helplines, text lines, tips for coping and making a safety plan.

VIDEO – Construction Industry Helpline and App

Video Length: 2 mins 10

Source: Lighthouse Club Construction Industry Charity


SELF-HARM

When someone self-harms, they are usually feeling very emotional and distressed. Many describe their self-harm as a way to release overwhelming emotions. Some people plan it in advance, others act on the spur of the moment. Though some people self-harm only once or twice, others do it regularly – and it can become hard to stop.

Other words have been used to describe self-harm, but are now going out of use:

Deliberate self-harm (DSH): we don’t use the word ‘deliberate’ any more. It makes it sound as though the individual is to blame, that their self-harm was a calmly planned action rather than the result of emotional anguish or intense distress.
Attempted suicide/parasuicide: these phrases assume that harming yourself is the same as wanting to kill yourself – which is often not the case.

WEB LINKS:

  • The Royal College of Psychiatrists website provides a sensitive and detailed information covering the following:
    • Some types of self harm.
    • Some of the help available.
    • How to help yourself.
    • What friends or family can do to help.